ConstitutionNet Updates: December 2018

Dear Reader,

In the December Newsletter, we share with you four original Voices from the Field and a number of updates on constitutional reform processes in different parts of the world.

The recent Maldives elections have relaunched the country’s democratic dispensation, though the political instability, arising from power sharing coalitions, may not be gone just yet. Whether the strengthening of the decentralization system and a possible shift to a parliamentary system would tame the specter of instability is unclear. The political confrontation between the president and prime minister of Tunisia has raised questions regarding the potential instability of the semi-presidential system of government, though the main problems lie in political ambition and the fragmentation of political parties. Electoral reforms, including electoral thresholds to enter parliament, would enhance government effectiveness.

The 2018 End of Year Editorial documents the extensive debates on constitutional reform, including an indication of the challenges of resort to constitutional referendums and attempts to tackle the centralization of power and reforming the electoral and government systems. Indications are that 2019 will also witness high levels of reform activities, including in contexts of conflict to peace transitions in Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia and South Sudan.

ConstitutionNet Analyses - Voices from the Field
  Constitutional reform in Maldives: Towards a parliamentary system of government and decentralization?
by Mariyan Zulfa
The political crisis in Tunisia: Is it a consequence of the semi-presidential arrangement?
by Nidhal Mekki
Conflict and decentralization in Mozambique: The challenges of implementation
by Karl Kössler
Constitution building in 2018 through the lens of ConstitutionNet and 2019 prospects
by Adem K Abebe
Want to contribute a ConstitutionNet Analysis from the field? Contact us!
What we are reading this month
  Op-ed: Why is it so hard to amend Caribbean constitutions?
Op-ed: Investment in ward committees is key to democratic participation in South Africa
Op-ed: Further constitutional reform in Ireland should be handled with care
Op-ed: Electoral reform in Brazil linked with improvements in healthcare
Asia and the Pacific
Latin America and the Caribbean
Middle East and North Africa
More >

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