Constitutional Transitions and Territorial Cleavages
ِAvailable also in Arabic
an important—even central—issue in constitutional transitions is dealing with the
diversity of populations in different regions, i.e., with territorial cleavages. When
this territorial dimension is important, it can greatly complicate both the process of
constitution making and the design of legitimate and stable constitutional institutions.
Put simply, the theory and practice of constitution making often implicitly presupposes
that there is a single people, and that the purpose of constitution making is for that entity
to decide on the constitutional framework under which this people will govern itself.
However, in many cases the very idea of a single people is not accepted—or is seriously
qualified by deep diversity that creates a layered or composite national identity. Such
demographic diversity can have serious implications for how constitutional processes
are conducted and how constitutional institutions are designed, especially when it has
a strong territorial dimension.