Constitutional Amendment Procedures

Overview

What?

  • A constitutional amendment alters the content of a constitutional text in a formal way.

Why?

  • Constitutions need to be amended over time to adjust provisions that are inadequate, to respond to new needs, including supplementing rights, etc. Otherwise, the text of a constitution cannot reflect social realities and political needs over time. Yet the constitution also needs to be protected from short-sighted or partisan amendments.

Why not?

  • Some form of formal amendment procedures are a near-universal feature of contemporary constitutions. Thus, for constitutionmakers, the relevant question is not so much whether there should be a provision addressing formal amendments, but what needs to be considered while drafting it.

Where? 

  • All democratic countries in the world have a provision in their constitution regulating the conditions for amending it.

 The Myanmar version is available here.